What is Security Assertion Markup Language (SAML)

Security Assertion Markup Language (SAML) defines a language for exchanging security information expressed in the form of assertions about subjects. A subject may be a person or a resource (such as a computer) that has an identity in a security domain. A typical example of a subject is a person identified by an email address within a specific DNS domain. The assertions in the token can include information about authentication status, specific details of the subject (such as a name), and the roles valid for the subject that allow authorization decisions to be made by the relying party.

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